.

常見被動式時態

Posted on
  • 2012-10-28
  • 文法講座文法講座十七:被動式 > 常見被動式時態


    被動式動詞的基本架構為「be + p.p.」。依不同時態變化如下:
    1. 現在被動:is/ am/ are + p.p. 
    2. 過去被動:was/ were + p.p. 
    3. 未來被動:will be + p.p. 或 is/ am/ are going to be + p.p. 
    4. 現在完成被動:has/ have been + p.p. 
    5. 過去完成被動:had been + p.p.
    6. 未來完成被動:will have been + p.p. 
    7. 現在進行被動:is/ am/ are being + p.p.
    8. 過去進行被動:was/ were being + p.p.
    9. 含助動詞的被動式:助動詞 + be + p.p.
    主動語態和被動語態對照表

    時態 主詞 動詞 受詞
    1. [主動]現在式 She buys the apples.
        現在[被動]式 The apples are bought by her.
    2. [主動]過去式 She bought the apples.
        過去[被動]式 The apples were bought by her.
    3. [主動]未來式 She will buy the apples.
        未來[被動]式 The apples will be bought by her.
    4. [主動]現在完成式 She has bought the apples.
        現在完成[被動]式 The apples have been bought by her.
    5. [主動]過去完成式 She had bought the apples.
        過去完成[被動]式 The apples had been bought by her.
    6. [主動]未來完成式 She will have bought the apples.
        未來完成[被動]式 The apples will have been bought by her.
    7. [主動]現在進行式 She is buying the apples.
        現在進行[被動]式 The apples are being bought by her.
    8. [主動]過去進行式 She was buying the apples.
        過去進行[被動]式 The apples was being bought by her.
    9.含助動詞時態 She would buy the apples.
        含助動詞[被動]式 The apples would be bought by her.


    例句:我討厭父母對我碎碎念。
    I hate being lectured by my parents
    「父母對我碎碎念」,換句話說「我被父母念」,故得用「被動式」。

    例句:我不知道誰做了這件事,但我家的狗已經被放出去了。
    I don’t know who did it, but my pet dog has been let out
    狗兒不會主動執行「放出去」這動作,故得用「被動式」。

    例句:發現雇主之前支付給他的薪水遠比其他同事少時,他感到非常生氣。
    He was angry to discover that he was being paid much less than his coworkers. 
    「雇主付他薪水」,換句話說「他被付薪水」,所以得用「被動式」。全句為「過
    去式」,為強調之前他「一直」領得少,故搭配「過去進行被動式」was being p.p.。

    被動式簡介

     
    Copyright (c) 2011 - 2017 大學堂英文 Learner Hall English