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文法講座三十七:like、unlike 和 dislike

  • 動詞 like 和 dislike

  • 相信大家都很熟悉臉書上的「按讚」按鈕 “like”,但「按爛」按鈕 “unlike”卻一直令我感到狐疑,因動詞「喜歡」like 的反義字為應為動詞「不喜歡」dislike,而不是介係詞「不像」unlike。like 和 dislike 用法請見下方例句。
    例句:我喜歡看電影,但我不喜歡看恐怖片。
    I like going to the movies, but I dislike horror movies. 
  • 介係詞 like 和 unlike 

  • 使用介係詞「像」like 和介係詞「不像」unlike時,須注意以下兩點:
    1. 同性質的東西才可類比。
    2. 介係詞後方需搭配「名詞」。
    例句:不像其他學生,瑪莉從沒上學遲到過。
    Unlike other students, Mary is never late to school. 
    注意:other students 和 Mary 同樣是人,同質相較。介係詞「不像」unlike後方搭配名詞 other students。
    例句:就像你一樣,我也很怕蟑螂。
    Just like you, I am afraid of cockroaches. 
    注意:you 和 I 同樣是人,同質相較。介係詞「像」like後方搭配名詞 you。Just、quite、not much、not at all、a bit 等可放在介係詞 like前,修飾 like

請選出正確的句子:
A. Ted is very shy - not at all like his mother, perhaps more like his father.
B. Like most of you, the only reason I go to work is money.
C. Unlike many other stars her age, becoming a Hollywood wild child doesn't interest Liz.
D. Life likes a box of chocolates, and you never know what you will get.
答案:A

A 選項,泰德非常害羞,一點都不像他媽媽,或許還比較像他爸。
Ted、his mother 和 his father 都是人,同質可相較。介係詞「像」like後方搭配名詞 his mother 及 his father。not at all 及 more 分別放在介係詞 like前,修飾 like。

B 選項,就像你們之中的大多數人一樣,我去上班純粹是為了錢。
most of you 屬性為「人」,但 the only reason 屬性為「事」,不同類無法相較。正確寫法為:Like most of you, I go to work for money. 句中most of you 和 I 都是人,同質可相較。介係詞「像」like後方搭配名詞 most of you。

C 選項,不像其他同齡明星,她對成為好萊塢壞女孩並不感興趣。
many other stars 屬性為「人」,但 becoming… 屬性為「事」,不同類無法相較。正確寫法為:Unlike many other stars her age, she isn't interested in becoming a Hollywood wild child. 句中 many other stars 和 she 都是人,同質可相較。介係詞「像」like 後方搭配名詞 many other stars。

D 選項,人生就像盒巧克力,你永遠都不知道你會拿到什麼口味。
句中的“like”為介係詞「像」,而非動詞,所以正確寫法為:Life is like a box of chocolates, and you never know what you will get.
文法講座 4386232237526738491
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