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文法講座三十七:like、unlike 和 dislike

Posted on
  • 2013-01-01
    • 動詞 like 和 dislike

    • 相信大家都很熟悉臉書上的「按讚」按鈕 “like”,但「按爛」按鈕 “unlike”卻一直令我感到狐疑,因動詞「喜歡」like 的反義字為應為動詞「不喜歡」dislike,而不是介係詞「不像」unlike。like 和 dislike 用法請見下方例句。
      例句:我喜歡看電影,但我不喜歡看恐怖片。
      I like going to the movies, but I dislike horror movies. 
    • 介係詞 like 和 unlike 

    • 使用介係詞「像」like 和介係詞「不像」unlike時,須注意以下兩點:
      1. 同性質的東西才可類比。
      2. 介係詞後方需搭配「名詞」。
      例句:不像其他學生,瑪莉從沒上學遲到過。
      Unlike other students, Mary is never late to school. 
      注意:other students 和 Mary 同樣是人,同質相較。介係詞「不像」unlike後方搭配名詞 other students。
      例句:就像你一樣,我也很怕蟑螂。
      Just like you, I am afraid of cockroaches. 
      注意:you 和 I 同樣是人,同質相較。介係詞「像」like後方搭配名詞 you。Just、quite、not much、not at all、a bit 等可放在介係詞 like前,修飾 like

    請選出正確的句子:
    A. Ted is very shy - not at all like his mother, perhaps more like his father.
    B. Like most of you, the only reason I go to work is money.
    C. Unlike many other stars her age, becoming a Hollywood wild child doesn't interest Liz.
    D. Life likes a box of chocolates, and you never know what you will get.
    答案:A

    A 選項,泰德非常害羞,一點都不像他媽媽,或許還比較像他爸。
    Ted、his mother 和 his father 都是人,同質可相較。介係詞「像」like後方搭配名詞 his mother 及 his father。not at all 及 more 分別放在介係詞 like前,修飾 like。

    B 選項,就像你們之中的大多數人一樣,我去上班純粹是為了錢。
    most of you 屬性為「人」,但 the only reason 屬性為「事」,不同類無法相較。正確寫法為:Like most of you, I go to work for money. 句中most of you 和 I 都是人,同質可相較。介係詞「像」like後方搭配名詞 most of you。

    C 選項,不像其他同齡明星,她對成為好萊塢壞女孩並不感興趣。
    many other stars 屬性為「人」,但 becoming… 屬性為「事」,不同類無法相較。正確寫法為:Unlike many other stars her age, she isn't interested in becoming a Hollywood wild child. 句中 many other stars 和 she 都是人,同質可相較。介係詞「像」like 後方搭配名詞 many other stars。

    D 選項,人生就像盒巧克力,你永遠都不知道你會拿到什麼口味。
    句中的“like”為介係詞「像」,而非動詞,所以正確寫法為:Life is like a box of chocolates, and you never know what you will get.
     
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