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文法講座三十九:so …that / such …that / enough …to / too … to 句型

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  • 2013-01-01
  • 這三大句型的意思及公式如下:
    • 對某人而言,太…以至於不能…:too 形容詞 / 副詞 for 人 to 動詞原形
    • 例句:老人家太虛弱不能走路。
      The old man is too weak to walk. 
    • 對某人而言,夠…所以可以…:
    • 1. 形容詞 / 副詞 enough for 人to 動詞原形
      例句:我不夠有錢,不能買鑽戒。
      I am not rich enough to buy a diamond ring.
      2. enough 名詞 to 動詞原形
      例句:我沒有足夠的錢可以買鑽戒。
      I don’t have enough money to buy a diamond ring.
    • 如此地 … 以至於 …:
    • 1. so 形容詞 / 副詞 that 主詞 + 動詞
      2. such 名詞 that 主詞 + 動詞
      關係代名詞 that 當連接詞使用,連接句子 ( 即 " 主詞 + 動詞 " 結構 )。
      例句:天氣如此地熱,我想吃冰淇淋。
      It is so hot today that I feel like having ice cream.
      It is such a hot day that I feel like having ice cream. 

    請選出正確的句子:
    A. It’s such fine weather that I go to the beach with Ted.
    B. Jack ran enough fast winning the race.
    C. The tea is too hot for me to drink it.
    D. The mansion is so expensive that I can’t afford.
    答案:A

    A 選項,天氣如此地好,我和泰德去了海邊。
    “fine weather” 為名詞,故可用「such 名詞 that 主詞 + 動詞」。

    B 選項,傑克跑得夠快,所以可贏得這場比賽。
    「夠…所以可以…」的寫法為:形容詞/ 副詞 enough for 人 to 動詞原形,故本句應改成:Jack ran fast enough to win the race.

    C 選項,茶太燙我沒辦法喝。
    將句尾的 drink 和主詞 the tea 接起來,drink the tea 可構成完整語意,故不需受詞 it。本句應改成:The tea is too hot for me to drink.

    D 選項,這豪宅如此地貴,以至於我負擔不起。
    關代 that 後方應為完整句,afford 為及物動詞,後方需加受詞,故本句應改成:The mansion is so expensive that I can't afford it.

     
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