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文法講座二十三:把 A 看成 / 描述 B

Posted on
  • 2012-11-26
    • 常用的「把 … 描述為 …」的片語有:
    • portray / depict / describe + 受詞 + as + 受詞補語
      [例句] 人們將麥可傑克遜描繪成流行之王。
      [主動寫法] People describe Michael Jackson as the King of Pop.
      [被動寫法] Michael Jackson is described as the King of Pop.
    • 常用的「視…為…」片語,且搭配介係詞 “as”的有:
    • 1. view/ take/ regard/ see/ deem / perceive + 受詞 + as + 受詞補語。
      2. think of / refer to/ look upon +受詞 + as + 受詞補語。
      [例句] 許多人將凱特摩斯的美視為是經典永恆的代表。
      [主動寫法] Many people regard Kate Moss’s beauty as timeless.
      [被動寫法] Kate Moss’s beauty is regarded as timeless.

      [主動寫法] Many people refer to Kate Moss’s beauty as timeless.
      [被動寫法] Kate Moss’s beauty is referred to as timeless.
    • 常用的「視…為…」片語,且搭配 “to be”,但“to be”可省的有:
    • think / consider + 受詞 + ( to be ) + 受詞補語。
      [例句] 許多人將凱特摩斯的美視為是經典永恆的代表。
      [主動寫法] Many people consider Kate Moss’s beauty (to be) timeless.
      [被動寫法] Kate Moss’s beauty is considered (to be) timeless. 
      受詞就是「名詞」,故補充說明受詞的「受詞補語」,多半是「名詞」或「形容詞」。
    • 常用的「視…為…」句型中,搭配虛受詞 “it” 的有:
      think/ consider + it + 受詞補語 + to V原。
      或 think / consider + it +受詞補語 + that 子句。
      句子中的 to V原 或 that 子句都是用來補充說明 it 代替哪件事。
    • [例句] 我認為追求夢想是很重要的。
      I think it important to pursue my dreams.
      I consider it important that I pursue my dreams.
    • 請選出正確的句子:

    • A. My parents think my nanny not as an employee but more as a friend.
      B. Great white sharks are referred as the most fearsome predators.
      C. We regard it important providing our kids with love, care and support.
      D. In modeling business, 30 is often considered old.
      解答:D
      A 選項考點為:think of + my nanny (受詞) + as + an employee (受詞補語)。應再 think 後補上 of 才是正確寫法。且「not A but B」意指「不是 A 而是 B」。A 選項意思為:我爸媽沒把我的保母看成他們的員工,而是將她視為他們的朋友。

      B 選項,考點為:refer to + 受詞 + as + 受詞補語。改成被動寫法為:are referred to as + 受詞補語;原主動語法的受詞已成為被動句的主詞。應在 referred 後補上 to 才是正確寫法。B 選項意思為:大白鯊被視為最可怕的掠食者。

      C 選項,搭虛受詞 it 的句型有兩種:
      (1)  think / consider + it + 受詞補語 + to V原。
      (2) think / consider + it + 受詞補語 + that 子句。
      故 C 選項應改成:我們將給予孩子們愛、照顧和支持視為重要的事。
      We think / consider it important to provide our kids with love, care, and support.
      We think / consider it important that we provide our kids with love, care, and support.

      D 選項考點為:consider + 受詞 + ( to be ) + 受詞補語。改成被動寫法為:is considered + (to be) + 受詞補語;原主動語法的受詞已成為被動句的主詞。D 選項意思為:在模特兒界,30 歲常被視為老模。
     
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