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不定代名詞:one、another、the other、the others、some、others

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  • 2012-12-03
  • 接下來僅用例句解釋如何使用以下代名詞:one (隨便一個)、another (再來一個)、the other (最後一個)、the others (最後一些)。

    例句:我看見兩件毛衣。ㄧ件紅的,ㄧ件藍的。
    I saw two sweaters. One is red, and the other is blue. 
    從兩件毛衣中任意挑一件,可用 one (隨便一個),挑走ㄧ件後,只剩下一件,別無選擇,所以得用定冠詞 the 再加單數的 other,the other 意指「最後一個」。

    例句:我看見三件毛衣。ㄧ件紅的,ㄧ件藍的,ㄧ件白的。
    I saw three sweaters. One is red, another is blue, and the other is white. 
    從三件毛衣中任意挑一件,可用 one (隨便一個)。挑走ㄧ件後,剩下兩件,可從中再挑ㄧ件,所以用 another (再來一個)。三件挑走兩件後,只剩「最後一件」,所以用 the other。

    例句:我看見四件毛衣。ㄧ件紅的,ㄧ件藍的,ㄧ件白的,ㄧ件綠的。
    I saw four sweaters. One is red, another is blue, another is white, and the other is green.  
    從四件毛衣中任意挑一件,可用one (隨便一個)。挑走ㄧ件後,剩下三件,可從中再挑ㄧ件,所以用 another (再來一個)。挑走兩件後,剩下兩件,可從中再挑ㄧ件,所以再用 another (再來一個)。四件挑走三件後,只剩「最後一件」,所以用 the other。

    例句:我看見四件毛衣。ㄧ件紅的,三件藍的。
    I saw four sweaters. One is red and the others are blue.
    從四件毛衣中任意挑一件,可用 one (隨便一個)。挑走ㄧ件後,僅剩那「三件」都是藍的,所以用 the others (最後那些)。

    例句:我看見八件毛衣。三件紅,五件藍。也就是說,ㄧ些紅的,ㄧ些藍的。
    I saw eight sweaters. Three are red, and five are blue.
    = I saw eight sweaters. Three are red, and the others are blue.
    = I saw eight sweaters. Some of the sweaters are red and the others are blue.
    = I saw eight sweaters. Some of them are red and the others are blue.
    句中清楚點明數字,表限定之意,故用有定冠詞的「some of …/ the others」寫法。三件毛衣是八件毛衣中的「一些」,可用some (一些),搭配複數動詞;接著剩下五件全選,全都是藍色,故用複數the others,搭配複數動詞。

    例句:Amy 的毛衣在櫥子裡。有些是紅色,有些是藍色。
    Amy's sweaters are in the closet. Some are red and others are blue.
    句中沒清楚點明數字,故不需限定,僅用「some / others」寫法。


    不定代名詞:one、ones

     
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