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文法講座七:片語「不得(能)不…」;「忍(克制)不住…」

文法講座 > 文法講座七:片語「不得(能)不…」;「忍(克制)不住…」


常見的片語「不得不…」有以下六個寫法,請注意片語後方動詞變化:
cannot but + 動詞原形
cannot help but + 動詞原形
cannot choose but + 動詞原形
can do nothing but + 動詞原形
cannot help + Ving
have no choice/ option/ alternative but + to 動詞原形



例句:由於強颱逼近,我們不得不取消這趟旅行。
With a strong typhoon approaching, we have no choice but to cancel the trip.
With a strong typhoon approaching, we cannot but cancel the trip.
With a strong typhoon approaching, we can do nothing but cancel the trip.
例句:Susan 漂亮、機智且幽默。她是個讓你不得不愛上的女孩。(即:一定會喜歡)
Susan is pretty, witty and humorous. She’s a girl who you cannot help but love.
Susan is pretty, witty and humorous. She’s a girl who you cannot help loving.
例句:我姐是個購物狂,她克制不住花錢的欲望。
My sister is a shopaholic. She cannot help spending money.

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