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文法講座十五:介係詞「雖然儘管」despite;in spite of

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  • 2012-10-25
  • 文法講座 > 文法講座十五:介係詞「雖然儘管」despite;in spite of


    介係詞「雖然;儘管」despite、in spite of、for all、with all,用於承接語意有所轉折的句子,後方都需搭配「名詞」。而「雖然;儘管」despite the fact that 和 in spite of the fact that 為「連接詞」,後方需連接「句子」( 主詞 + 動詞 )。


    例句:儘管生病了,Helen昨天還是去上學。
    ■ 可用「介係詞」來寫:
    Despite  her illness, Helen went to school yesterday.
    [介係詞] [名詞] 
    可將「介係詞」despite 換成 in spite of、for all 或 with all。

    ■ 也可用「連接詞」改寫:
    Although she was sick, Helen went to school yesterday.
    [連接詞] [主詞1] [動詞1] [主詞2] [動詞2] 
    可將「連接詞」although 換成 though、even though 或while。
    Despite the fact that she was sick, Helen went to school yesterday.
    [連接詞]              [主詞1] [動詞1]  [主詞2] [動詞2] 
    可將「連接詞」despite the fact that 換成 in spite of the fact that。

    ■ 也可用特殊的「雖然…;儘管…」句型來改寫:[ 詳細解說可見 文法講座 13 ]
    Sick as she was, Helen went to school yesterday.
    [形容詞] [主詞1] [動詞1] [主詞2] [動詞2] 
    例句:雖然我擁有所有必備條件,但我還是沒被錄取。
    ■ 可用「介係詞」來寫:
    I didn't get the job despite having all the necessary qualifications.
                               [介係詞] [名詞] 
    ■ 也可用「連接詞」改寫:
    I didn't get the job despite the fact that I had all the necessary qualifications.
                              [連接詞]                [主詞] [動詞] 

     
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