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文法講座四十一:連接詞 no matter what/which/who/how/where/when

Posted on
  • 2013-01-24
  • 中文意思 連接詞 + S + V 連接詞 + S + V
    無論什麼 no matter what             = whatever
    無論哪個 no matter which            = whichever
    無論是誰 no matter who              = whoever
    無論哪裡 no matter where            = wherever
    無論如何 no matter how + adj/adv + S + V = however + adj/adv + S + V
    無論何時 no matter when            = whenever

    上表中的「連接詞」可連接句子,即「主詞 + 動詞」,且用法和 if / when / before / after / until 等連接詞相同,遇到「未來式或未來時間」時,緊跟在連接詞後方的句子中的動詞須改用「現在式」。

    例句:無論誰贏得這場總統大選,經濟危機依然在。
    No matter who wins this presidential election, there is still an economic crisis.
    Whoever wins this presidential election, there is still an economic crisis.
    注意:who 在句中有雙重身分,既是疑問詞也是主詞,who 當主詞時,視為第三人稱單數,故 no matter who 後方直接加動詞 wins。

    例句:歷經這麼多無法兌現的承諾後,不管他說甚麼, 我都不信。
    After so many broken promises, I don’t believe him no matter what he says.
    After so many broken promises, I don’t believe him whatever he says.
    例句:不管我多麼努力,我都無法贏得她的芳心。
    No matter how hard I try, I just can’t win her heart.
    I just can’t win her heart however hard I try.
    例句:未來不管你去哪,我都會跟著你。
    I will go with you no matter where you go.
    Wherever you go, I will go with you.
    注意:連接詞 no matter where 遇到「未來時間」,緊跟在連接詞後方的句中的動詞須改用「現在式」go。但連接詞另一邊的句子仍得維持「未來式」will go。

     
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