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文法講座三十一:副詞「否則;不然」otherwise

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  • 2012-12-10
  • therefore、yet、moreover 和 otherwise 等可承接文意的副詞的使用方式如下:
    或是

    副詞 otherwise 的意思有兩種:
    1. otherwise 意指「否則;不然;若不是…」,意思接近 “if not”, 用於點出不好的後果。請看下方第一個例句,並比較「副詞否則」otherwise 和「連接詞否則」or 的用法。
    2. otherwise 意指 「除此以外」,意思接近 “ apart from this/ that”,用於點出與前方敘述「相反」的面向。  

    例句:單車租借服務必須便民,否則大家不會使用它。
    The bike-rental service must be convenient  ; otherwise, people won’t use it.
    The bike-rental service must be convenient  . Otherwise, people won’t use it.
    The bike-rental service must be convenient  , or people won’t use it.
    The bike-rental service must be convenient  . If it isn't,  people won’t use it.
    例句:因為浪濤洶湧,我們一整個禮拜都沒法游泳。除此以外,我們在峇里島玩得很開心。
    The sea was very rough and we couldn't swim all week. Otherwise, we had a good time in Bali.
    The sea was very rough and we couldn't swim all week. Apart from this, we had a good time in Bali.
    請選出正確句子:
    A. My apartment doesn't allow pets; otherwise, I would have kept a Schnauzer.
    B. I understand everything Tom has said; otherwise, I’m totally against his proposal.
    C. James excels in English; otherwise, it is by no means his favorite subject.
    D. Don’t shut down the computer, otherwise you are told to do so.
    答案:A

    A 選項,我的公寓不允許養寵物,否則我早養隻雪納瑞了。
    這裡的 otherwise 有「假如不是…」( if not ) 的意思,即「假如我的公寓不要不允許…」。

    B 選項,我了解湯姆的話,_____ 我堅決反對他的提案。
    第一句「了解」和第二句「反對」文意相反,應用副詞「雖然、但是、然而」yet /
    however 或連接詞 though / although / while / but來承接。句子正確寫法為:
    I understand everything Tom has said; however, I’m totally against his proposal. 或
    I understand everything Tom has said. Yet, I am totally against his proposal. 或
    Although I understand everything Tom has said, I am totally against his proposal. 或
    I understand everything Tom has said, but I am totally against his proposal.

    C 選項,James 擅長英文,_____ 英文絕不是他最喜歡的科目。
    第一句「擅長」和第二句「不是最愛」文意相反,應用副詞「雖然、但是、然而」
    yet / however 或連接詞  though / although / while / but來承接。句子正確寫法為:
    James excels in English; however, it is by no means his favorite subject. 或
    James excels in English, but it's by no means his favorite subject.

    D 選項,不要將電腦關機,_____ 有人叫你這麼做。
    otherwise 是「副詞」,不是連接詞,因此無法連接兩個句子,且與文意不合。從前後語意可推知,「除非」有人叫你關機,不然不要關。連接這兩個句子可用連接詞「除非」unless,句子正確寫法為:
    Don’t shut down the computer unless you are told to do so.

     
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