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文法講座二十:連接詞和介係詞「雖然」

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  • 2012-11-20
  • 連接詞「雖然、但是、儘管」可用來連接兩個句子,並在語意上做個轉折。 while / though / although / whereas 意指「雖然」;but / whereas 意指「但是」。

    介係詞「雖然、但是、儘管」後只能搭配「名詞」。


    1. 介係詞及連接詞「雖然、但是、儘管」用法如下:
    2. [連接詞] but / while / although / though / whereas + S + V
      [連接詞] in spite of the fact that + S + V / despite the fact that + S + V / for all that + S + V
      [介係詞] in spite of N / despite N (可參考:文法講座十五
      [介係詞] with all N / for all N

    3. 使用時應注意以下三點:
    • 「雖然、但是、儘管」連接詞不可聯用,如:有了 although,就不能有 but。且連接詞 although / though / while / whereas 放句首時,需加逗號。
      例句:雖然我數學課遲到了,但是我還是決定出席。
      (X) Although I was late for the math class, but I decided to go anyway.
      (O) Although I was late for the math class, I decided to go anyway.
      (O) I decided to go anyway although I was late for the math class.
      (O) I was late for the math class, but I decided to go anyway.
    • 連接詞 “but” 不可放首。
      (X) But I decided t go anyway, I was late for the math class.
      (O) I was late for the math class, but I decided to go anyway.
    • 「雖然、但是、儘管」連接詞後須加「句子」,句子必備條件為:主詞 + 動詞。而介係詞「雖然、但是、儘管」後只能搭配「名詞」。 
      例句:雖然她重感冒,但是她還是去上班。
      [連接詞] Though she had a bad cold, she went to work.
      [連接詞] She went to work although she had a bad cold.
      [連接詞] She had a bad cold, but she went to work.
      [連接詞] She went to work despite the fact that she had a bad cold.
      [介係詞] She went to work in spite of a bad cold.
      [介係詞] With all her bad cold, she went to work.
      [特殊句型] adj/ adv/ N + as + S1 + V1, S2 + V2 (可參考:文法講座十三
      Sick as she was, she went to work.


     
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