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TAIWAN ISSUES 72-HOUR ULTIMATUM TO PHILIPPINES

Posted on
  • 2013-05-14
  • 廣大興號事件中,台灣一名漁夫喪生,引發台灣和菲律賓的緊張關係。讓我們從學習英文的角度,熟悉國際衝突新聞的用法。
    《漁權爭議 — 菲艦掃射台籍漁船》

    字彙 Flashcards :使用說明
    • 精選多益 / 全民英檢中高級 / 托福單字片語
    apologize (v) 道歉
    vessel (n) 船 = boat (n)
    indiscriminately (adv) 不分青紅皂白地
    fire on:對…開槍射擊
    coast guard:海巡隊
    demand (v) 要求
    speed up:加速
    impartial (adj) 公正的
    transparent (adj) 透明的;坦率的
    investigation (n) 調查
    bring sb to justice:將…繩之以法
    compensate (v) 補償
    victim (n) 受害者
    commence (v) 開始
    dispute (v) 爭吵
    failure (n) 失敗
    respond (v) 回應
    positively (adv) 明確地
    request (n) 請求
    timeline (n) 時間表;期限
    protest (n) 抗議
    recall (v) 召回
    representative (n) 代表
    freeze (v) 凍結
    application (n) 申請
    impose (v) 強制執行
    sanction (n) 制裁
    fatal (adj) 致命的
    shooting (n) 槍擊
    occur (v) 發生
    exclusive (adj) 專屬的
    economic (adj) 經濟的
    acknowledge (v) 承認
    propeller (n) 推進器
    disable (v) 使不能運轉
    machinery (n) 機械
    purely (adv) 完全純粹地
    self-defense (n) 自衛
    ram (v) 猛烈撞擊
    duty (n) 責任
    deserve (v) 值得;應得
    sympathy (n) 同情
    survive (v) 僥倖存活
    on board:在船上
    dispute (v) 爭辯
    account (n) 陳述
    carry out:進行
    inspection (n) 檢查
    credible (adj) 可信的
    scratch (n) 刮;擦
    bullet (n) 子彈
    unarmed (adj) 未武裝的
    following (prep) 在…之後
    ultimatum (n) 最後通牒
    dispatch (v) 派遣
    naval (adj) 海軍的
    beef up:加強;壯大
    patrol (n) 巡邏
    common cause:共同原因
    deplore (v) 強烈譴責
    harsh (adj) 嚴厲的
    rhetoric (n) 修辭
    threaten (v) 威脅
    spark (v) 觸發
    diplomatic (adj) 外交的
    tussle (n) 爭奪
    take action:採取行動
    assert (v) 堅稱
    tackle (v) 處理
    presence (n) 出現
    brutal (adj) 野蠻殘忍的
    authority (n) 當局;官方
    accountable (adj) 有責任;應解釋的
    urge (v) 催促;力勸
    refrain (v) 克制
    escalate (v) 擴大;惡化
    tension (n) 衝突;緊張


    The government of Taiwan has given the Philippines until Wednesday to apologize for the death of a Taiwanese fisherman __  01  __  vessel was indiscriminately fired on by the Philippine coastguard. Taiwan President Ma Ying-Jeou __  02  __  that the Philippines speed up an impartial and transparent investigation, bring the perpetrators to __  03  __  , compensate the loss of the victim’s family, and commence talks over fishing rights in the disputed waters. Failure to respond __  04  __  to Ma’s requests within the timeline would result in a show of protest that includes recalling representatives, freezing work applications, and __  05  __  sanctions.

    The fatal shooting occurred on early Thursday in waters south-east of Taiwan and north of the Philippines, an area __  06  __  by both countries to be their exclusive economic zone. The Philippines acknowledged that it had fired on the engine and propeller of the ship to __  07  __  its machinery. It further emphasized that its personnel were acting __  08  __  in self-defense when the fisherman’s boat, the Kuang Ta Hsing No. 28, tried to ram into the coastguard vessel, and __  09  __  they had a duty to stop illegal fishing. “If somebody died, they deserve our sympathy but not an apology,”AFP quoted a spokesman as saying.

    The three surviving fishermen on __  10  __  have disputed this account. After carrying out a detailed inspection of the boat, Taiwanese officials said they didn’t find the coast guard’s explanation credible __  11  __  there were no scratches on the bow  __  12  __  more than fifty bullet holes in the unarmed fishing vessel.

    Taiwan has dispatched five coastguard and naval vessels to __  13  __  up patrols of fishing grounds __  14  __  Ma’s ultimatum to Manila, Meanwhile, China seeks to make a common cause with Taiwan against Manila, __  15  __  the shooting in harsh rhetoric that threatens to spark another diplomatic tussle between Bejing and Manila.

    A. imposing B. following C. but D. board E. justice
    F. that G. demanded H. considered I. deploring J. disable
    K. positively L. beef M. whose N. as O. purely

    聽力請先下載擴充軟體:安裝方式說明
    The government of Taiwan has given the Philippines until Wednesday to apologize for the death of a Taiwanese fisherman whose vessel was indiscriminately fired on by the Philippine coast guard. Taiwan President Ma Ying-Jeou demanded that the Philippines speed up an impartial and transparent investigation, bring the perpetrators to justice, compensate the loss of the victim’s family, and commence talks over fishing rights in the disputed waters. Failure to respond positively to Ma’s requests within the timeline would result in a show of protest that includes recalling representatives, freezing work applications, and imposing sanctions.

    The fatal shooting occurred on early Thursday in waters south-east of Taiwan and north of the Philippines, an area considered by both countries to be their exclusive economic zone. The Philippines acknowledged that it had fired on the engine and propeller of the ship to disable its machinery. It further emphasized that its personnel were acting purely in self-defense when the fisherman’s boat, the Kuang Ta Hsing No. 28, tried to ram into the coastguard vessel, and that they had a duty to stop illegal fishing. “If somebody died, they deserve our sympathy but not an apology,”AFP quoted a spokesman as saying.

    The three surviving fishermen on board have disputed this account. After carrying out a detailed inspection of the boat, Taiwanese officials said they didn’t find the coast guard’s explanation credible as there were no scratches on the bow but more than fifty bullet holes in the unarmed fishing vessel.

    Taiwan has dispatched five coastguard and naval vessels to beef up patrols of fishing grounds following Ma’s ultimatum to Manila. Meanwhile, China seeks to make a common cause with Taiwan against Manila, deploring the shooting in harsh rhetoric that threatens to spark another diplomatic tussle between Beijing and Manila.

    Q:According to this article, which of the following statement is not true?
    (A) The Philippines refused to apologize and asserted that its officials were tackling illegal fishing.
    (B) Taiwanese navy has increased its presence in the South China Sea amid public anger over the Philippine’s brutal attack.
    (C) Taiwanese authorities held the Phillipines accountable for what happened.
    (D) China urged all parties to ensure maritime safety and refrain from actions that would escalate tensions.

    建議做完聽力和閱讀後, 打開播放器, 跟著一起朗讀文章, 熟悉發音和語調。

    文意選填解答:
    1. M 2. G 3. E 4. K 5. A
    6. H 7. J 8. O 9. F 10. D
    11. N 12. C 13. L 14. B 15. I
    1. The government of Taiwan has given … fisherman __  01  __  vessel was
    [主詞1] [動詞1] [關代] [主詞2] [動詞2]
    兩個主詞,兩個動詞,代表有兩個句子。連結兩個句子可用第1格「關代」。 先行詞 fisherman 為「人」;且「漁民的」船,「漁民的」屬「所有格」,故第一格應填入「人/ 所有格性質」的關係代名詞 whose。「關係代名詞」相關解說請見文法講座一
    2. 主詞 Taiwan President 後應搭配「動詞」,故第2格為動詞。本題考點為[句型]:demand that S + (should) + V原,詳細解說請見文法講座四十八
    3. 從關鍵字「行兇者」( perpetrators ) 可知,應將殺害台籍漁民的兇手繩之以法。片語「將…繩之以法,讓…受審判」:bring sb to justice。
    4. 修飾「動詞」respond,需用「副詞」,故第4格為副詞。從文意可知,台政府希望菲國能對「廣大興案」做出「明確」( positively ) 回應。
    5. 動詞 include 後方需搭配 Ving,且連接詞 and 左右兩側動詞形態也要保持對稱,為和 and 左側的freezing對稱,故第5格也應填入 Ving。從文意可知,若菲國為做出明確回應,台灣將「實施」( imposing ) 制裁。
    6. 修飾名詞 area,應用「形容詞」,故第6格為形容詞。且從第6格後方的 by,可知第6格應為含「被動」意味的「過去分詞」所轉成的p.p.形容詞,故填入considered。「分詞當形容詞」的相關解說請見 文法講座四。句型「將A視為B」 ( consider A to be B ) 的相關解說請見文法講座二十三
    7. 「不定詞」為:to + 動詞原形,故第7格為「動詞原形」。從關鍵字「開火」( fire ) 可知是為了讓台籍漁船「拋錨;無法運作」( disable )。
    8. 修飾動詞 acting,應用「副詞」,故第8格為副詞。從文意可知,由於台籍漁船衝撞菲海監船,故菲海巡隊反擊「純粹」( purely ) 出於自衛。
    9. 本題考點為「名詞子句」( that + 主詞 + 動詞 ) 放「動詞」( emphasize) 後當「受詞」使用。本句結構分析如下:
    Itemphasized that its personnel were acting … and __  09  __  they had
    [主詞] [動詞] [名詞子句1,當受詞] [名詞子句2,當受詞]
    連接詞 and 左右兩側應保持對稱,故當左側為關代 that 所引出的名詞子句時,右側也應比照辦理,故第9格應填關代 that。
    10. 從文意可知,廣興號「船上」的漁民否認菲國說詞。片語 「船上」:on board。
    11. 本題結構分析如下:
    they didn’t find __  11  __  there were
    [主詞1] [動詞1] [連接詞] [主詞2] [動詞2]
    兩個主詞,兩個動詞,代表有兩個句子。連結兩個句子可用第11格「連接詞」。且從文意可知,據菲國海巡隊表示,這宗海上喋血案肇因於台籍漁船衝撞菲國海監船,但台灣調查人員認為這說法不可信,「因為」(as)漁船船頭並無擦撞痕跡。連接詞「因為」的相關解說請見 文法講座二十四
    12. 本題考點為連接詞「不是 A 而是 B」:not A but B,其中A和B詞性要對稱。第12格應填入 but。本句結構分析如下:
    There were no scratches __  12  __  more than fifty bullet holes
    [名詞1] [連接詞] [名詞2]
    連接詞「不是A而是B」的相關解說請見文法講座三十二
    13. 「不定詞」為:to + 動詞原形,故第13格為「動詞原形」。從文意可知台      灣派遣軍艦是為了「增強」南海漁場巡防能力。片語「強化」:beef up。
    14. 14. 從文意可知,因海上喋血事件向菲國下最後通牒「之後」,台灣才派軍艦護漁,故第14格應填介係詞「在…之後」( following )。
    15. 15. 本句結構還原如下:
    China seeks to make a common cause with Taiwan against Manila.
    China deplores the shooting.
    由此可知,以上兩句主詞相同,為精簡和變化句型可用「分詞構句」。由於省略的主詞China可主動執行 deplore這動作,故用具「主動意味」的分詞構句,故第15格需填入 deploring。「分詞構句」相關解說請見 文法講座八

    閱讀解答:D
    台灣政府已對菲律賓下最後通牒,要求菲律賓在星期三前,為其海巡隊不分青紅皂白掃射台灣漁船,造成一名台灣漁民死亡道歉。台灣總統馬英九也要求菲國儘速查明真相,將兇手繩之以法,賠償被害家屬損失,且針對糾紛不斷的南海水域展開漁權協商。若期限內未獲菲國明確回應,台灣將採一連串抗議措施,如召回駐菲代表、凍結菲勞、實施制裁等,以對菲示警。

    這宗海上喋血案發生星期四上午。事發地點位於台灣東南方,菲律賓北方,台、菲重疊經濟海域內。菲國承認對台籍「廣大興28號」的引擎及推進器開火,迫使漁船無法繼續作業,但卻進一步強調,由於當時「廣大興28號」試圖衝撞菲國海監船,故海防隊所作所為純粹出於自衛。同時,阻擋非法捕魚也是菲國海巡隊的職責。法新社引述菲國發言人說法:若有人因此喪生,我們表達同情,而非致歉。

    三名劫後餘生的「廣大興號」船員駁斥菲國聲明。台方官員仔細搜查「廣大興號」後,認為菲國海巡隊說詞疑點重重,因「廣大興28號」船頭並無擦撞痕跡,只見船身各處彈痕鑿鑿。

    對菲國下最後通牒後,台灣當局已派遣海巡海軍五艦加強漁場巡防。同時,中國大陸將「對抗菲律賓」視為台陸的共同目標,嚴詞抨擊菲國冷血槍擊台灣漁民,並威脅啟動另一輪中、菲外交角力。

    問題:根據這篇文章,下列敘述何者為非?
    (A) 菲國拒不道歉,堅稱海巡隊開槍掃射台籍漁船是為了阻擋非法捕魚。
    (B) 台灣民眾對菲國蠻橫行徑義憤填膺之際,海軍加強南海巡防。
    (C) 台灣當局認為菲國應對「廣大興案」負責。
    (D) 中國力勸各方確保海上安全,克制任何擴大緊張局勢的舉動。


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