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104 學測英文時事考點及單字猜題

Posted on
  • 2015-01-28
  • 學測在即,大學堂英文學測衝刺教學已順利結業,教學團隊特別為大家整理今年考試可能出現的五大熱門時事主題和單字,希望可助大家一臂之力。在此也先預祝大家考試順利!

    ■ 主題一:food scare (恐慌) / food safety scandal(食安醜聞)

    01. 確認商品被汙染後,將商品下架︰
    identify (v) 確認;goods / commodity / products (n) 商品;pollute / taint / contaminate 汙染;recall N / pull N from shelves 將 …下架;recall (v) 下架回收;shelf (n) 貨架

    02. 目前為止曾被下架的商品類型有︰
    animal feed oil 動物飼料油;gutter oil 地溝油;recycled oil 回收油;adulterated oil 摻假的油;blend A with B;blend (v) 混合;A 和 B 可能是以下東西:illegal food additive 違法的食品添加劑;poisonous / toxic (adj) 有毒的;chemical / chemical substances (n) 化學物質;dye (n) 染劑;industrial (adj) 工業的 / 產業的;not fit for human consumption 不適合人類食用;fit (adj) 合適的;consumption (n) 食用

    03. 如何因應食安危機︰
    monitor (v) 監控;track down (v) 追蹤;impose tough punishment on N 加重罰則;impose A on B (v) 將 A 強加在 B 上;tough (adj) 嚴厲的;punishment (n)處罰;處罰的方式有︰penalty / fine (n) 罰款;suspension of business 停業

    ■ 主題二:Ebola 伊波拉

    disease (n) 疾病;epidemic (n) 流行病;deadly / fatal (adj) 致命的;virus (n) 病毒;acute (adj) 急性的;originate in N (v) 起源於…;outbreak (n) (疾病)爆發;break out (v) 爆發;hit / strike (v) 侵襲…地區;spread (v) (n) 擴散;transmit through close contact with bodily fluids;transmit (v) 傳染;contact (n) (v) 接觸;fluid (n) 液體;contract / infect (v) 感染;infectious (adj) 有傳染性的;infection (n) 感染; symptom (n) 徵兆 / 症狀;be diagnosed with N 診斷出…;positive (adj) 陽性的;negative (adj) 陰性的;confirm (v) 確認;undergo (v) 進行medical treatment / therapy (n) 治療 / 療法;take precautions 採取預防措施;wear full protective gear; protective (adj) 保護性的;gear (n) 全套設備/服裝

    ■ 主題三:ALS Ice Bucket Challenge (漸凍人)冰桶大挑戰

    viral sensation;viral (adj) 病毒的;sensation (n) 轟動 / 感覺;go viral 像病毒一 樣迅速傳開/ 廣為流傳;social media phenomenon (n) 現象事件 / 奇人奇事;take up (或 embrace / do) the challenge 接受挑戰;dump(或 pour) a bucket of ice on the participant head and nominate others to do the same;dump (v) 傾倒 / 拋棄;bucket (n)水桶;participant (n) 參加者;participate (v) 參與;nominate (v) 點名;get soaked for the sake of charity;soak (v) 濕透 / 浸泡;for the sake of N 為了… 的緣故;charity (n) 慈善;charitable (adj) 慈善的;upload the proof onto the facebook;upload (v) 上傳;proof (n) 證明;raise(或 promote) awareness of N 提升對…的注意;encourage donations (n) 捐款;donate to N (v) 捐款給…

    ■ 主題四:Disney’s "Frozen" & "Let It Go" 冰雪奇緣

    resonate with N / strike a chord with N 和 … 產生共鳴;appeal to a broad audience; appeal to N (v) 吸引 = attract N = be attracted to N;audience (n) 聽眾 / 觀眾; captivate (v) 使著迷;capture the viewers' imagination;capture (v) 抓住 / 吸引激發;infectiously catchy;catchy (adj) 朗朗上口的;sequel (n) 續集;contribute to the success of Frozen (v) 導致引發 = lead to N / result in N / give rise to N

    ■ 主題五:The Missing Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 消失的馬航

    mysterious disappearance of the jetliner / aircraft with 239 passengers and crew on board en route to Beijing;mysterious (adj) 神秘的;mystery (n) 神秘 / 謎 = puzzle (n) 謎;disappearance (n) 消失 = absence (n);disappear without trace;disappear (v) 消失 = vanish (v);trace (n) 痕跡 / 微量;passenger (n) 乘客;crew (n) 機組員;on board (片) 在 (船/飛機/火車/汽車) 上;en route to 地:在去某地途中 = on its way to 地;be bound for 地:前往某地;take off (v) 起飛;unprecedented search effort in sheer scale and complexity;unprecedented (adj) 史無前例的;scale (n) 規模;complexity (n) 複雜度;complex / complicated (adj) 複雜的;search 地 with surveying equipment to no avail;to no avail = in vain = fruitless 徒勞無功的/ 白費的;survey / investigate (v) 調查;equipment (n) 設備;device (n) 精巧的儀器;try to locate potential whereabouts and debris / wreckage;locate (v) 定位 / 找出…的位置;potential (adj) 可能的;whereabouts (n) 下落;debris/ wreckage (n) 殘骸 / 碎片(不可數名詞);expressed profound sympathy, condolences, and support for the families;profound (adj) 深刻強烈的;sympathy (n) 同情心 = compassion;condolence (n) 哀悼慰問;condole (v) 同情慰問;be committed to compensating all the victims’families;be committed/ dedicated/ devoted to N / Ving 全心投入… / 致力於…;compensate sb for sth:因某事賠償某人


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