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113 學測英文時事單字猜題(三)


為了讓大家有充足的時間消化,今年特意提早刊上「大學堂英文教學團隊」精選的2023時事單字,且採「一篇一主題」的方式,陪大家渡過考前這四週關鍵時刻。強烈建議搭配 112 學測英文單字猜題111 學測英文單字猜題110 學測英文單字猜題109 學測英文單字猜題109 指考英文單字猜題(part 1) 109 指考英文單字猜題(part 2)一起看,好熟悉類躺平、通貨膨脹、新冠肺炎、全球暖化、元宇宙等主題。( 加油 ) x N!

■ TOPIC 3:低生育率、人口老化、高齡化社會

birth rate:出生率;rate (n) 速率/ 費率 (v) 評分;at the rate of N:以…速率/ 費率;fertility (n) 生育;predict/ project/ forecast (v) 預測;Taiwan’s fertility rate could reach a new historic low:台灣的生育率可能創歷史新低;record-low fertility rate:新低的生育率;threaten N = pose threat to N:對…造成威脅;counter N:對抗N;counteract N:抵銷N;reverse (v) 逆轉;undermine/ compromise (v) 削弱;economic prospect:經濟前景;shrink workforce:縮減勞動力;labor shortage:勞力短缺;unstable (adj) 不穩定的;slow consumption:減緩消費;cast a shadow over N:讓N蒙上陰影;national security:國安;frighten (v) 使驚恐害怕;pronounced/ noticeable (adj) 顯著的;steep (adj) 陡峭的;drastic (adj) 急遽的;dramatic (adj) 戲劇性的/ 巨大的;decline (v) 拒絕/ 下降 (n) 下降;steady (adj) 穩定而持續的;primary (adj) 主要的;drive (v) 驅使驅動 (n) 驅動力;factor (n) 因素;pursue careers:追求事業;postpone marriage:延後結婚;delay childbirth:延後生小孩;high housing price:高房價;metropolitan area:大都會地區;unaffordable (adj) 負擔不起的;attitude (n) 態度;parenting (adj) 育兒;be geared toward N:為N做好準備;high household expenditure:高家戶開銷;free of N:沒有N;obligation (n) 責任;disinterest in N:對N不感興趣;conflict (v) (n) 衝突;incompatible (adj) 不相容的;imbalance (n) 不平衡;ease burden:減輕負擔;stem (v) 阻止 (n) 莖;stem from N = arise from N = derive from N;stem the tide (= trend/ fad):阻止潮流;struggle (v) (n) 掙扎;endeavor (v) (n) 努力;make laws and policies:制定法律和政策;convince sb of N:說服某人某事;exhaust (v) 耗盡;conventional approaches to N/Ving:…傳統方法;incentive (n) 動機/ 誘因;compensate for N:補償賠償N;six-month paid parental leave:六個月有薪育嬰假;introduce a cash-benefit:引進現金福利;generosity (n) 慷慨大方;generous (adj) 慷慨大方的;social welfare:社會福利;tax break:減稅;invest in N:投資;to no avail = in vain:徒勞無功;inevitable/ unavoidable (adj) 無可避免的;accelerate (v) 加速;aging population:人口老化;aged society:高齡化社會;age (v) 老化;the elders = the elderly = the seniors:年長者;proportion (n) 比例;imperative (adj) 重要的且急需處理的;grave (n) 墳墓 (adj) 嚴重的;nutrition (n) 營養;sanitation/ hygiene (n) 衛生;medical advances:醫療進步;longevity (n) 長壽;life span:壽命;deprive sb of N:剝奪某人某事;dignity (n) 尊嚴;mobility (n) 行動力;call for N:呼籲;exclusive (adj) 獨家專屬的;launch (v) 展開;comprehensive (adj) 全面而詳盡的;inclusive (adj) 包容的;long-term care system:長照系統;look after N = tend to N = attend to N:照顧;monitor (v) 監控;in response to N:回應因應N;subsidize (v) 補助;subsidy/ grant (n) 補助金;meet diverse healthcare demands:滿足多元的健康照護需求;be eligible (= qualified) for N:符合N 資格;luxury (n) (adj) 奢侈的(事);employ foreign caregiver:雇用外籍看護;exploit (v) 剝削利用;abuse (v) (n) 虐待/ 濫用/ 辱罵;prevail (v) 普遍盛行;prevalence (n) 普遍盛行;progressive (adj) 漸進的;chronic disease:慢性病; integrate A into B = incorporate A into B;把A整合併入B;nursing home:療養院;prioritize N (v) 將N列為優先事項;allocate (v) 分配;be to blame for N = should be accountable for N:該為…負責;insure (v) 保險;insurance (n) 保險;assure sb that S + V = assure sb of N:向某人確保某事;ensure that S + V:確保;accommodate (v) 容納;accommodate to N = adjust to N = accustom to N = adapt to N:適應N










































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